Animals

Mammals

Name Description Conservation Status
Warty Pig (Baboy talunon), Sus cebifrons negrinus

They are considered the most threatened wild pig species in the world. They are extinct in Cebu, Guimaras and probably Masbate and now found only on the remaining forest patches on Negros and Panay.

Unique among wild pigs, they grow long, floppy coarse mane during breeding season and shed it when breeding season is over.

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED
Visayan Spotted Deer (Usa), Rusa alfredi

One of the most endangered deer species in the world. Now extinct in the islands of Cebu, Guimaras and Masbate and only found in the remaining forest patches on Negros and Panay Islands.

Male spotted deer are differentiated from the females by their antlers. The males lose their antlers once a year and grow new ones.

Spotted deer are herbivores feeding on leaves, flowers, berries grasses and fruits. Therefore they are responsible for seed dispersal and regeneration of plants in the forest.

ENDANGERED
Large Flying Fox (Kabog), Pteropus vampyrus lanensis

Although the species name “vampyrus” may remind people of blood-drinking vampire bats, the flying fox eats plants. They are nocturnal and forages for fruit at night. They also eat flower, pollen, and nectar. Their tongue helps them reach nectar inside a flower while the teeth are adapted to cut through tough outer covering of fruits.

NEAR THREATENED
Visayan Leopard Cat (Maral), Prionailurus bengalensis rabori

At least 95% of their population has been wiped out. It is now known to survive only in the last few remaining forest patches on the islands of Panay, Negros and Cebu.

The Visayan leopard cat is one of the most distinct, attractively marked, and by far the smallest of all races of leopard cats weighing between 1.5 and 2.5 kg. It’s nocturnal and during the day it spends its time in dens that may be hollow trees, cavities under roots, or caves.

VULNERABLE

Birds

Name Description Conservation Status
Negros Bleeding-heart Pigeon (Badlitan), Gallicolumba keayi

It is only found in the Negros-Panay Faunal region. It will soon become extinct if there are no serious efforts for its conservation.

The red patch of what appears to be “Blood” is actually the color of the feathers.

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED
Philippine Cockatoo (Katala), Cacatua haematuropygia

It used to be found all over the Philippines but most of its remaining population is confined to Rasa Island in Palawan. It has also been recorded in the few remaining patches of secondary forests on Polillo Island in Luzon.

It is critically endangered mainly due to habitat destruction and collection from the wild for illegal pet trade.

Their diet includes seeds, fruits, nuts and berries.

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED
Visayan Writhed Hornbill (Talarak), Rhabdotorrhinus waldeni

This species is found only in Negros and Panay Islands. Deforestation has led to its extinction in Guimaras and its extreme scarcity elsewhere. They use natural or carved-out hollows in tree trunks for their nests.

Functionally extinct in Negros (BLI)

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED
Philippine Duck (Dakit), Anas luzonica

This is the only duck endemic to the Philippines. It is quite common in freshwater marshes, shallow lakes, rice fields and sometimes in secluded bays.

Breeding is observed all year round and may roost in secluded bays with up to 1200 birds recorded in Subic Bay, Luzon.

VULNERABLE
Pink-bellied Imperial Pigeon (Hagumhum), Ducula poliocephala

An uncommon pigeon found throughout the Philippines but it is becoming particularly rare. It is the only large pigeon with all green breast and pinkish grey belly.

This pigeon is found singly or in small groups, often with two or more birds calling to one another. It feeds on fruits in the forest canopy and on forest edges.

NEAR THREATENED
Southern Rufous Hornbill (kalaw), Buceros mindanensis

It is the largest hornbill species in the Philippines and commonly distributed all over the country. In the Visayas, the species can be found in Biliran, Bohol, Leyte and Samar.

The species is an omnivore (feeding mainly on fruits and some insects). Females lay eggs inside nest cavities in trunk of live or dead trees inside the forests.

If habitat destruction, hunting and poaching continues and lack of suitable trees in some areas, their population in the wild will be threatened in the near future.

VULNERABLE
White-bellied Woodpecker Dryocpus javensis philippinensis

This species is one of the largest living species of woodpecker and nest in large dead trees. Their drums and calls are louder than those of the smaller woodpeckers.

They feed mainly on insects such as ants or grubs obtained largely from under bark but sometimes eat fruit.

NEAR THREATENED
Luzon Bleeding-heart Pigeon (Punalada), Gallicolumba luzonica

An uncommon dove usually seen walking on the forest floor, it is a very shy and secretive bird that feeds on small fruits and seeds. A very distinctive feature of this dove is a large orange red “bleeding” spot in the center of its white breast.

The red patch on their chest is often described like a “gunshot wound” compared with the “stab wound” of their Negros cousins.

NEAR THREATENED
Buff-eared Brown Dove (Alimukon), Phapitreron nigrorum

This species is found only on some islands in the Philippines including Negros. They feed on variety of small fruits and berries.

ENDANGERED
Visayan Tarictic Hornbill (Tularik), Penelopides Panini

One of the smaller Philippine hornbill found only in the remaining forest patches of Negros and Panay.

The female hornbill, like all species of hornbill, seals herself inside a tree cavity after mating, where she stays for three months. She lays and incubates her eggs inside the cavity, being fed by the male until the eggs hatch and her chicks are ready to fly.

ENDANGERED
Metallic Wood Pigeon (Balud), Columba vitiensis griseogularis

This pigeon is called metallic because of its color. The feathers in the belly are grey glossed with metallic purple and its wings are blackish grey glossed with metallic green of metallic purple. These metallic colors change with the angle of the light. This gives this pigeon a metallic sheen.

This is the only all dark pigeon in the Philippines. Although widespread in Southeast Asia, it is common in the northern most islands of the Philippines but is seemingly uncommon elsewhere. It is found alone, in pairs, or may gather in large numbers in fruiting trees in forest and forest edges. It will also travel widely to reach these fruiting trees.

LEAST CONCERN

Raptors

Name Description Conservation Status
Philippine Hawk-eagle (Agila), Nisaetus pinskeri

Just like other raptors, the Philippine Hawk Eagle hunts its prey with its keen sense of sight and strong claws.

Deforestation for plantation agriculture, livestock and logging throughout its range is the main threat to this species exacerbated by hunting and trapping.

ENDANGERED
Philippine Eagle-owl (Kuwago), Bubo Philippensis

This is the largest owl in the Philippines which can only be found on Luzon, Catanduanes, Samar, Leyte, Bohol and Mindanao. It lives in forests and on forest edges, in the lowlands often near rivers and lakes but may also be found in coconut plantations.

This bird is a nocturnal hunter which is capable of silent flights. It feeds on small animals, especially mice and rats, which makes them exceptionally helpful in controlling rodent pests.

The center was the first ever in the world to successfully breed the Philippine Eagle Owl and it was named “Bubo”.

VULNERABLE
Luzon Hawk-owl (Bukaw), Ninox philippensis centralis

Originally thought to be a single species of the owl, the Philippine hawk-owl is now known to represent seven closely related species.

LEAST CONCERN

Reptiles

Name Description Conservation Status
Philippine Sailfin Lizard (Ibid), Hydrosaurus pustulatus

This reptile gets its name from the sail in the dorsal part of its tail which is more prominent among males. It feeds on small invertebrates when it is young, but turns into a vegetarian when it becomes adult.

This lizard is a good swimmer and often found on tree branches near clean river and streams. Its ability to blend in with its environment protects it from predators.

VULNERABLE